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Kidney Transplant

What is a kidney transplant?

Kidney transplant is a surgical procedure that the doctor place a healthy kidney into the body of a person whose kidneys have been damaged severely and they have less kidney function or the kidney cant function any more. A kidney transplant is often recommended to a person who have serious kidney dysfunction who need to live on dialysis for survival.

The new kidney will be replaced the failed kidney into the lower abdomen with the operation. If the operation is successful, the new kidney will start making urine when the blood flows into the new urine. However, about 1/3 patients need to have dialysis for about a week, and the patients can leave hospital in two weeks after the surgery.

What are the functions of kidney transplant?

If the kidney transplant is successful, the kidney failure patients will get rid of dialysis and kidney transplant will prolong the life expectation for kidney failure patients. Besides, the kidney transplant will be better than either peritoneal dialysis or haemodialysis, and the successful transplanted kidney can function well, which can provides ten times more function than dialysis. In addition, kidney transplant patients will have less restriction in their daily life, and their life quality will be improved obviously.

What are the side-effects of kidney transplant?

When a foreign kidney put into the body, the immune system will not recognize the new kidney, and the rejection will take place. Therefore, the kidney transplant patients need to take some immunosuppressive drugs to suppress their immune system. Once the immune system is suppressed, the patients with poor immunity will easily get the kidney transplant side effects, such as infection and sepsis.

There are also some other side effects which is caused by the kidney transplant, such as:

- Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD). This disorder disease is mainly caused by the immunosuppressive drugs.

- Imbalance of electrolytes

- Other side effects caused by kidney transplant medicines which include diabetes, hair loss, obesity, ulcers of the esophagus and stomach, high blood pressure, tremors, acne and hirsutism.

What are the kidney transplant facts?

Although kidney transplant is a effective treatment for kidney failure patients, but there are also some fact that kidney patients should know.

1. At present there are about 63,000 people who are waiting for a kidney transplant, which means one patients need to wait more than 5 years for a kidney transplant.

2. A data received from transplant centers, the kidney transplant success rate vary greatly, and the average 3 years survival rate is 90%, and it varies between 83%-94%.

Who cant receive a kidney transplant?

Kidney transplant can help people get rid os dialysis, but not all the kidney failure patients can have a kidney transplant. Here are some patients who cant receive a kidney transplant:

- People who have kidney disease which is caused by the body immune system disorder diseases.

- Patients who have infection in whole body and phthisis, and Systemic ulcer

- People who cant bear a surgery.

- People who don’t have enough money to afford a kidney transplant

Dos and donts of kidney transplant

Here are some suggestions for kidney transplant patients which will help them live a healthy and high quality life.

- Stop smoking and drinking alcohol, and keep a healthy lifestyle.

- For kidney transplant patients, they can eat what they want to eat, but they need to control their weight, and keep a low salt diet which can help regulate the blood pressure.

- Have regular blood tests to measure the blood pressure and some other indicators in blood, which will help them prevent the rejections of kidney transplant.

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