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Polycystic Kidney Disease(PKD) is a genetic disorder characterized by numerous cysts in the kidneys. These cysts are filled with fluid. If too many cysts grow or if they get too big, the kidneys can be damaged. Gradually cysts can replace much of the kidneys, which will reduce kidney function and lead to kidney failure. PKD can be categorized to two types. One is autosomal dominant PKD which is the most common inherited form. The other is autosomal recessive PKD which is caused by a mutation in the autosomal recessive PKD gene, called PKHD1 that often lead to kidney failure before adulthood.
People do not develop symptoms until they are 30 to 40 years old. The most common symptoms are pain in the back and the sides-between the ribs and hips and headaches. The pain can be temporary or persistent, mild or severe. Besides, people also experience blood in urine, frequent bladder or kidney infections, high blood pressure and an increase in the size of abdomen as well as fluttering or pounding in the chest.
High blood pressure is the most common sign of PKD. The headaches patients develop are related to high blood pressure. Or during a physical exam their doctors may detect high blood pressure. In this case, they should take effective treatment to treat high blood pressure. This is because uncontrolled high blood pressure can cause kidney damage, it is important to treat it. Actually, if high blood pressure is under control, which can help slow or even prevent kidney failure.
When cysts have grown to about one-half inch,it is possible to diagnose PKD with imaging technology. Ultrasound is used most often. More powerful and expensive imaging procedures such as CT(computed tomography scan) scans and MRI can also detect cysts. A CT scan and MRI(Magnetic Resonance imaging) is possible to detect smaller cysts that cannot be found by an ultrasound. MRI is used to measure and monitor volume and growth of kidneys and cysts.
Different people have different illness conditions, so there is no specific diet for individual. However, a common diet is recommended for PKD patients. Reducing slat intake helps control and lower high blood pressure in PKD patients. Besides, a diet low in fat and moderate in calories is recommended to maintain a healthy weight. If you want to know detailed information, welcome to consult our online doctors who will provide more information for you.
For patients with high blood pressure, antihypertensive medications are often prescribed to control blood pressure.
For the symptom of pain, patients can take some pain medications cautiously, since some medications may do further damage to kidneys.
Antibiotics-as for urinary tract infection, treatment with antibiotics is required to avoid further damage to the kidneys.
Surgery- cysts can be drained through surgery to relieve pain, blockage, infection, or bleeding.
The above are common treatments for cysts which are just targeting at controlling the symptoms and not curing the kidney disease radically. In this case, you may try hot compress therapy which uses several specific Chinese herbs to repair necrotic renal cells and rebuild kidney function and improve your immune system. Increased immune system can decrease the risk of genetic disorder and inflammation. As long as your kidney function and immune system is elevated, your cysts will also be shrunk both in number and size.
Many factors affect the prognosis of PKD. For patients, they should control their symptoms timely, manage a healthy diet and take hot compress therapy which all contribute to prognosis for PKD.