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Kidney disease can get worse over time, and may lead to kidney failure. Kidney failure refers that kidney function decreases to less than 15% normal function. When the kidney failure is in end stage renal failure, it requires dialysis or kidney transplant. Normally, the function of the kidneys is to remove waste products that results from the body’s metabolism. The kidneys remove the waste products by extracting them from the blood and sending them along the ureter to the bladder in which they are excreted in the urine. If the kidney function has something wrong, the waste products can not be excreted from the body and accumulate in the blood and body. This accumulation is azotaemia. Very mild levels of azotaemia may have little or no symptoms, but if the kidney failure continues, symptoms will begin to appear. Along with many symptoms, the kidney failure is called uraemia.
Renal failure is classified into two types, including acute renal failure and chronic renal failure.
Acute renal failure may occur with serious illness or operation, especially those complicated by severe infection. Besides, sudden blockage to the drainage of urine from the kidney can cause damage, such as a kidney stone. Also, acute kidney damage can occur as a rare side effect of some medications and other rare conditions.
Chronic renal failure may happen in case of inflammatory conditions that affect the kidney tissue. What’s more, chronic renal failure may appear as a result of certain inherited conditions such as polycystic kidney disease.
1. High creatinine level
Since kidneys cannot remove wastes out of the body properly, they accumulate in the body easily. In this case, creatinine is easily elevated. Creatinine is a waste product produced by the body during energy production and is eliminated by the kidneys. When the kidneys are damaged, creatinine is elevated.
2. Abnormal fluid and electrolyte levels
3. Abnormal levels of acids in blood
4. Abnormal levels of minerals and electrolytes including sodium, potassium, calcium and phosphates
5. Other common symptoms include tiredness, itching, vomiting, loss of appetite and breathlessness and so on.
Blood urea nitrogen, creatinine and GFR are routine blood tests which are used to measure the buildup of waste products in the blood. In kidney failure, BUN and Creatinine is usually elevated, and the glomerular filtration rate decreases.
1. Urine tests
Urine tests are used to measure the amount of protein, detect the presence of abnormal cells, or measure the concentration of electrolytes. Abnormal protein in the urine can be a clue that kidney damages have occurred. Besides, we can also examine urine under a microscope. In this case, abnormal aggregations of white and red blood cells called casts can be seen in the urine with kidney disease. Then comparing the concentrations of electrolytes in the blood and urine contributes to decide whether the kidneys are able to monitor and filter blood properly and timely.
2. Abdominal ultrasound
It is used to assess the size of the kidneys and identify whether any obstruction exists.
It uses a thin needle which is placed through the skin into kidney itself to get bits of tissue which will be examined under the microscope.
1. Prevent kidney disease
Prevent is the goal with kidney failure. High blood pressure and diabetes are the two common reasons of chronic disease. If they are not under control, they can damage kidneys and organs. Gradually they can lead to kidney failure. Once kidney failure happens, the goal is to prevent further damage of kidney function.
2. Manage daily diet
Diet plays an important role in the impaired kidney function. Proper and well-managed diet contributes to control symptoms and alleviate illness conditions. Well, what is the proper diet for kidney failure patients?
Low phosphorus intake
Phosphorus may be elevated in the body in the kidney failure. In daily diet, patients with kidney failure should avoid high phosphorus foods such as milk, cheese, nuts and cola drinks.
Low potassium and sodium intake
Because kidneys can not excrete excess sodium and potassium out of the body, patients need to consume them in limited quantities. Foods with high potassium such as bananas, apricots should be limited. Also patients need to eat less sodium foods including pickles, bacon, processed foods and canned meat.
Prevention of kidney failure and proper diet both contributes to manage kidney failure and slow down the progression into ureamia. However, they can not cure the kidney failure fundamentally and repair the kidney function. In this situation, patients may be recommended to adopt micro-Chinese medicine osmotherapy. With this therapy, you are not only used western medicine but also used Chinese medicine. This is because western medicine has a quick effect in controlling symptoms. However, once you decrease the dose of western medicines, the symptoms easily relapse. Controlling the symptoms with western medicines and then curing the disease radically with Chinese herbal medicine. Micro- Chinese medicine osmotherapy has the ability of repairing intrinsic cells and rebuild kidney function. As long as your kidney function is elevated to more than 15%, you are possible to avoid dialysis or kidney transplantation. Learn more about micro-Chinese medicine osmotherapy, welcome to consult our online doctor or leave us a message in the box below.