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Chronic nephritis is a kidney disease in which the glomerular is inflamed and scarred. The inflammation can damage one or two kidneys. This inflammation can be triggered by infection, but the most common reason is autoimmune disorders that affect the major organs.
Many different causes can lead to the onset of chronic nephritis, like an allergic reaction to medicine. This reaction can cause both treatable and irreversible damage. The medications, such as pain relievers, can also lead to renal failure.
Too much calcium in the blood can cause chronic nephritis. Besides, other diseases in the body, such as chronic pyelonephritis is likely to lead to the condition.
However, chronic nephritis is most commonly caused by autoimmune disorders which damage the major organs. For example, people with lupus are at a higher risk for developing nephritis.
Several factors can increase the risk of developing chronic nephritis. For example, people who are in a family history of diabetes or cancer are at a higher risk for chronic nephritis. Another risk factor is infection, such as strep or viruses.
Chronic nephritis is associated with a condition called proteinuria in which kidneys pass through protein from the body into urine. When protein in urine happens, other side effects can occur, including blood clots leading to a stroke.
The abnormal kidneys cannot function properly to remove excess water out of the body, causing water retention or edema. This often occurs in the face, though it also manifests in the legs, feet and other area of the body.
Painful physical symptoms, such as abdominal discomfort and muscle aches, can also be displayed.
1. Urine analysis is a main test to diagnose excess protein in the urine stream, as well as the presence of infection. Blood test can also diagnose this condition.
2. Kidney biopsy
It is to confirm whether the kidney disease is chronic nephritis. When the disease can not be diagnosed accurately, kidney biopsy is recommended to patients.
1. Ingest adequate high quality protein
Protein is essential substances of our body and without enough protein we can not live. Chronic nephritis patients should limit protein intake and at the same time eat some high quality foods such as lean meat, egg white, fish and milk.
2. Salt intake should be appropriate.
Swelling and high blood pressure can be led by chronic nephritis, so appropriate salt intake is helpful for controlling or alleviating the symptoms. If patients have serious swelling symptoms, they should also limit fluid intake.
3. Balance potassium intake
Potassium level is kept in a stable range by our kidneys. When kidneys are damaged, they can keep potassium level in a stable range, so patients easily suffer from high or low potassium level. High or low potassium level are both bad for patients’ health. Therefore, patients should balance their potassium intake in their diet depending on their potassium level.
4. Reduce phosphorus intake
Elevated phosphorus level easily caused by chronic nephritis. In this case, if your lab tests show high phosphorus level, patients should keep far away from foods which include peanut butter, sardines and so on.
Chinese herbal medicine. It uses specific herbs which is able to repair intrinsic cells and rebuild injured kidney functions. As long as your kidney function is improved, the symptoms can be controlled and alleviated to some extent.
Steroid therapy. Steroid therapy has a quick effect on controlling the symptoms, but t has some side effects. Thereby, Chinese herbal medicine is combined with steroid therapy to treat chronic nephritis together.
Besides, patients must follow the above diet plan to manage their condition.
Many factors may affect the prognosis of chronic nephritis. An effective treatment, good control of the symptom and well-planned diet are all good for prognosis. Thus, a good prognosis of chronic nephritis should be targeted at the above treatment and diet management. If you want to know further detail of prognosis, you can click our service window box, our staff will give you the answer without delay.